Begin here with the apex predators of the sea as they bring you on a journey into their world!
450 million years of adapting and thriving along with the unpredictable changes of young earth has made these animals an evolutionary perfection of today.
Chondrichthyes or cartilaginous fishes are made up entirely of cartilage except for their jaw. Sharks, and rays and skates belong to a sub-class of Chondrichthyes known as Elasmobranchii. Commonly hunted for food or recreational, sharks today are facing a population catastrophe of global proportion.
Over 70 million of sharks are killed every year for their fins. Several species has lost over half of their number and will continue to wipe out if we do not take a stand to protect these evolutionary marvels.
Their role as an “apex” predator is unique only to sharks. They are essentially at the top of the food chain in every part of ocean. That role keeps the population of other fishes healthy and in proper proportion for the ocean ecosystem.
Young bull sharks have a dark tip on their fins.
Like a bull, the bull shark gets its name from its stocky build, broad snout and aggressive nature. It is known to make unpredictable bursts of speed and often utilizes the “bump and bite” technique to capture prey.
Bull sharks live in both fresh and salt water habitats. A bull shark was known to have swam 4,000 km up the Amazon River in South America, ending up in the mountainous Peru.
New born Bull Shark Pups measures from 55cm - 79 cm.
An Adult Bull shark can grow up to an average of 2 m in length for male and 2.1 m for female. They are known to reach a maximum length of 3.4 m, and weigh between 90 kg-200 kg.
When a great white shark is born, it immediately swims away from its mother as she may see them as prey!
The great white shark is not white! It is either gray or gray-brown on the dorsal side fading to white on the ventral side.
After ingesting a seal or sea lion the great white can last for month or two without another big meal.
New born Great White Shark Pups measures from 1 – 1.5 m.
An Adult Great White Shark can grow above 3.7 m in length for male, and 4.6 m for female. They are known to reach a maximum length of 6.4 m and weigh up to 2,268 kg.
This shark’s name comes from its unusual shaped head, an amazing piece of anatomy built to maximize the fish’s ability to find its favorite meal: stingrays.
Once they are born they immediately leave their mothers, who may eat them.
New born Scalloped Hammerhead Shark Pups measures from 60 cm - 70 cm.
An Adult Scalloped Hammerhead Shark can grow up to 2.2 m in length for males, and 2.1m for females. They are known to reach a maximum length of 6 m and weigh from 230kg - 450 kg.
The Borneo River shark was formally described by science in 2010.
It is one of the five rarest sharks in the world.
They live mainly in secretive habitats in rivers. The Borneo River shark dwells in the Kinabatangan river in Sabah, East Malaysia.