Alligator Garfish
Scientific name: Lepisosteus spatula

Average lifespan
Up to 50 years
Size
Up to 45 cm
Distribution
South-eastern United States
Did you know?

  • This fish also known for its ability to jump out of the water, and can survive for two hours on the surface.
Average lifespan
Up to 50 years
Size
Up to 45 cm
Distribution
South-eastern United States
Did you know?

  • This fish also known for its ability to jump out of the water, and can survive for two hours on the surface.

Arapaima
Scientific name: Arapaima gigas

Average lifespan
15 to 20 years
Size
Up to 270 cm
Distribution
South America; Brazil, Guyana, Peru
Did you know?

  • Arapaimas can stay underwater for 10 to 20 minutes, they tend to remain near the water’s surface, where they hunt and emerge often to breathe with a distinctive “coughing noise”.
Average lifespan
15 to 20 years
Size
Up to 250 cm
Distribution
South America; Brazil, Guyana, Peru
Did you know?

  • Arapaimas can stay underwater for 10 to 20 minutes, they tend to remain near the water’s surface, where they hunt and emerge often to breathe with a distinctive “coughing noise”.

Black Pacu
Scientific name: Colossoma macropomum

Average lifespan
20 to 25 years
Size
Up to 100 cm
Distribution
River basin of South America; Amazon, Orinoco
Did you know?

  • The darker underbelly and lighter back body colour helps Black pacu camouflage.
  • The Black pacu is a fruit-eating relative of the piranha.

Size
Up to 100 cm

Average lifespan
20 to 25 years
Distribution
River basin of South America; Amazon, Orinoco
Did you know?

  • The darker underbelly and lighter back body colour helps Black pacu camouflage.
  • The Black pacu is a fruit-eating relative of the piranha.

Red-tail Catfish
Scientific name: Phractocephalus hemioliopterus

Average lifespan
Up to 15 years
Size
Up to 152 cm
Distribution
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins
Did you know?

  • Red-tail catfish communicate by making a clicking sound to warn off potential predators.
  • Red-tail catfish secrete body slime, from their skin. This slime provides protection against parasites and infections.
Average lifespan
Up to 15 years
Size
Up to 152 cm
Distribution
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins
Did you know?

  • Red-tail catfish communicate by making a clicking sound to warn off potential predators.
  • Red-tail catfish secrete body slime, from their skin. This slime provides protection against parasites and infections.